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GUIDES
GENERAL

Choosing a Host

Hosting Terminology

Protection of contents

 


SCRIPTING

Beginners Guide to Telnet

Basic UNIX Commands

CHMOD and setting
permissions Guide

Basic guide to CRONTAB

Basic Guide to Paths
Terms You Will Come Across Looking for a Host For Your Website


BANDWIDTH
Bandwidth refers to the amount of data transferred to and from your web site. It is normally measured in gigabytes. So if you had a web page that is 5Kb in size 200,000 people could view that page for 1 Gb of Bandwidth
In general, any outward bound traffic from a web site with the exception of e-mail is considered to be data transfer. For example, each time a web page or image is loaded, a file is downloaded from your web site , or an audio file is requested data transfer is generated. All anonymous FTP, both inbound and outbound, is also considered data transfer.
GIGABYTES
A gigabytes is equal to 1,000 Mb
DNS
Abbreviated term for Domain Name Server which translates IP addresses into Domain Names
DOMAIN NAME
An easier plain language name to identify a IP address. These are issued by a central body InterNIC although now you may purchase a Domain Name through other recognized bodies
IP ADDRESS
This address is used by the Internet Protocol to identify each computer on the internet. It is made up of 4 numbers between 0 and 255 each separated by a period e.g. 207.156.78.12 These are issued by a central body InterNIC
URL
An abbreviation for Uniform Resource Locator. A URL is the address of every single document or page on the internet. It is basically made up of your IP address (translated into your domain name) then where the document is located on your server then the actual page name ie http://yourdomain/yourfolder/yourdocument.yourdocumenttype
(more info)
UPS
An abbreviation for Uninterruptible Power Supply This is a battery back up power supply that will allow the computer to shutdown safely in the event of a power cut.
FTP
Short for File Transfer Protocol This is a set of rules for transferring files between computers on the internet. You normally use an FTP program to log onto your server and upload your web pages.
TELNET
A method of establishing a direct terminal connection to a server. In other words it is as if you are actually a keyboard connected to the server. The most common language used here is UNIX which is somewhat like going to a computer running DOS. You type in commands and the server carries them out.
T1 LINE
A T1 connection is line that connects a computer to the internet it is capable of carrying around 1,544,000 bits per second
T3 LINE
As above but capable of around 45 million bits per second
PROTOCOL
A set of rules that computers use to communicate across networks on the internet
SPAM
Any mass mailed material meant for advertisement, promotion or electronic junk mail. Also is often referred to the Out Of Topic newsgroup posting or cross newsgroup posting of the same message.
AUTO RESPONDERS
Auto responders is the automatic answering of an email to a certain address. e.g. Someone submitting a form to you by email maybe answered with a thank you message automatically mailed to them.
SMTP
Simple Mail Transport Protocol It is the technical name for the way that email messages are sent
POP
Post Office Protocol is the technical name for the way some email servers deliver your mail
PACKET
A single sequence of digital data which has a distinct digital marker which is sent through the network


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